Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, comes in many forms, from mild to severe. The mildest type is gingivitis, a condition that causes redness, swelling and bleeding of your gums. Even though these symptoms are very noticeable, you don’t feel much discomfort.
The primary ways to treat periodontal disease are scaling and root planing. These procedures stop and reverse the disease process, saving threatened teeth. Scaling and root planing involve removing tartar and getting the plaque off your root surfaces. The dentist gets it out of the deep root pockets that developed as your gum disease worsened. Your roots are smoothed during the planing process.